Experts predict the influence of quantum computing to grow in every industry including telecommunications, finance, advanced manufacturing, medicine, and more. Quantum computing is a significant leap that frees us from the limitations of classical computing.
To understand the operation of quantum computing, consider climate change as an example. The Climate system is highly complex and generates seemingly endless data. Due to the limitations in today’s computing power, classical computing systems fail to simulate climate changes with 100 percent accuracy. However, quantum computers with high processing powers take trillions of these data variables into account and create data-driven models that can make highly accurate weather forecasts.
What Is Quantum Computing?
As the name suggests quantum computers employ the fundamentals of quantum mechanics to speed up the solving of complex computations. They can process complex data sets of high volume more efficiently than classical computers.
Quantum computers have already begun revolutionizing cybersecurity with its ability to break codes and encrypt electronic communications. Some of the biggest tech giants are currently exploring the possibilities of using quantum computing in cybersecurity.
Quantum computers specialize in solving optimization problems that are highly complex and require the best combination of variables and solutions. Industries including software design, web search, finance, genomics and more have optimization problems to solve at different stages of their operation. Classical computers fail to solve the biggest optimization problems in these industries but the quantum machine is equipped to handle those problems.
For classical computers, improvement is limited to using advanced materials to make transistors and microchips. However, improvements for quantum computers have a much wider scope. Instead of the transistors used by classical computers, quantum computers use qubits as the basic units for processing information.
Classical bit values are 0 and 1 while qubits can have any values between 0 and 1. Sometimes they may have the properties of both these values at the same time.
Quantum computing harnesses two important states of matter that are relevant in quantum mechanics; superposition and entanglement. Harnessing these states for computing purposes can speed up complex calculations.
Types Of Quantum Computing
Three primary types of quantum computing are:
Quantum Annealing: Quantum annealing is the most narrowly applied and least powerful form of quantum computing.
Quantum Simulations: They explore specific problems in quantum physics that cannot be solved by classical computers. It has numerous applications in quantum chemistry as well.
Universal Quantum Computing: They are the most powerful and most generally applicable form of quantum computers. Not surprisingly, they are the hardest to build.
When it comes to complex problems in modern industries, classical computers do not often come of use. Owing to its efficiency in solving complex problems and handling an exhaustingly high volume of data, quantum computing is predicted to be the future of computing.