There is a connection between IT and information security, but these are not the same. Information technology in business is about implementing the technology to help with the processes of operating and growing an enterprise. Information security manages security problems, and it confirms that the technology is safe from unauthorized access and any negative impact of this access.
So you could say that information technology and information security are two sides of the same coin. These work in conjunction to make productive and safe environments in an enterprise.
Goals Of Business Information Security
Information security should confirm the authentication of data, plus maintain its confidentiality, integrity and availability. Besides these, the other major goal of it is nonrepudiation, something that has to do with business data. Here, we will look at each of these information security objectives a little more in detail.
This refers to keeping sensitive information safe from any unauthorized access. Only those who have official permission to access your sensitive business data should be able to do it. If somebody unauthorized is able to access the data, then it is a case of failing to maintain data confidentiality. The failure is called a data ‘breach’.
Authentication is a word people throw around when discussing information security matters. In business information security, it refers to the procedure of confirming whether one is the individual or entity as they claim to be. Whether one is signing into an office network, bank account online or social networking website, authentication helps to verify that they are the right individual attempting to access it. Authentication is among the most significant parts of business information security.
This refers to confirming that a piece of business information is unaltered and that its source is authentic. Just think that you are trying to open a website but have been led to another site. When a cyber attacker causes the aforesaid website redirection, it is a case of integrity failure. If someone behind the website authorizes the same, then the integrity is maintained.
This refers to the state that an authorized user can access your business information. When one cannot compromise your data’s confidentiality and integrity, they might attempt to do an attack to possibly take the server hosting your website offline. If they succeed in that, your site would not be accessible to genuine users.
It refers to the guarantee that no one can deny the state of something being valid. Nonrepudiation is a legal notion extensively used in the information security field. Here, it alludes to a service that offers evidence of the data’s origin and integrity.
Goals Of IT
There are so many objectives of using information technology in business, including the following major ones.
To Contribute To Operational Efficiency
An enterprise running in a productive and efficient manner is further capable of minimizing the overheads and maximizing resources of it. If that business’s operations are not all that efficient, then the productivity of its workers will not be much. IT facilitates making work processes more efficient and effective, plus improving communication in the business.
To Help Find New Forms Of Services or Products
It can help to discover a new product or service. Not adopting new information technology solutions might result in an offering that has become stale. People seek continuous innovation, particularly as technology keeps evolving to match the constantly-changing desires of them.
To Help Improve Decision Making
IT software enables collecting considerable data, which includes data regarding visitor activities on a site and how some webpages are faring. It is possible to use IT information technology to gather precious data, including data on pricing and supplier contracts. Besides that, the aforesaid data will be arranged for you to help you analyze it.
Using information technology in business, it is possible to have an advantage over competitors. This is mainly because IT can be leveraged to make your goods better, plus improve your relationships with suppliers and customers. If you have a better brand reputation, then you would be able to be noticeably better than the competition.
Main Differences Between Information Security And IT
Here is a rundown on the major points of difference between IS and information technology.
|Criteria||Information Technology||Information Security|
|Encompasses||Technology to make, store, share and use information||Physical and digital information|
|Responsible For||Software and hardware||Threats presented by users, and system processes|
|Approach||Fix-it-first||Secure it first|
- IT confirms that every network component including equipment and software stays working.
- IS deals with keeping assets and data safe.
- IT should keep equipment and software up to date and patched.
- IS should keep updated about the cyber threats and attacks emerging from time to time.
- IT puts controls over both software and hardware into practice.
- IS discovers what controls to apply, plus it tests the controls to confirm that these are working appropriately.
- IT acts as per the strategy of ‘Fix-it-first’.
- IS follows the strategy of ‘Secure it first’.